Reliability is an important step to a cleaner energy future, according to the Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association (APPEA).
In a submission to the Victorian Government’s gas substitution roadmap, APPEA said any moves to replace gas and deny energy choice to Victorians would provide risks to reaching its net-zero 2050 target.
APPEA Victorian Director Ashley Wells said that while it was sensible to think about the future energy mix, taking natural gas out of the picture would make energy security more unreliable.
“Picking winners and taking away a cleaner, reliable and cheaper form of energy by depriving Victorians of natural gas risks doing more harm than good,” Ms Wells said.
“Efforts to reduce emissions should not be targeted at any one sector but rather focused on the core objective of reducing emissions across the entire economy.”
Recently, an ACIL Allen report on WA’s gas and downstream industries showed potential major projects in the State powered by gas could deliver up to $10 billion in GSP in the next twenty years.
APPEA WA Director Claire Wilkinson said WA’s abundant reserves of gas could help lift the State’s economy while at the same time supporting a cleaner energy future and reducing emissions globally.
“Gas means jobs,” Ms Wilkinson said. “Gas means economic prosperity for our state and gas means a cleaner energy future.
“Gas already generates over 60 per cent of the electricity produced in WA, used in our homes, hospitals, and schools, and provides much of the power used by some of our biggest businesses and industries such as mines and minerals processing.”
The ACIL Allen report found the economic activity would be fuelled by gas supporting new developments in WA such as ammonia, urea, and methanol production.
The International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Security of clean energy transitions report, released in July, said that efforts to strengthen and expand efficient technologies and practices needed to be scaled up significantly, as energy savings and related behavioural changes were much slower than needed.
“The concept of energy security is becoming broader and more dynamic today than it has been in the past,” the report said.
“Ensuring uninterrupted and reliable fuel supplies and critical energy-related commodities at affordable prices remains a fundamental policy goal.”
According to the report, clean energy transitions largely relied on diversity in low-carbon technologies.
“All effective technologies must be mobilized to achieve climate goals in a cost-optimal and secure way,” the report said.
“Developing, demonstrating and deploying clean energy technologies will boost the availability of innovative technologies as a hedge against technological uncertainty; this will enhance energy security.”
The report also found that modifications to existing fossil fuel-related infrastructure offered opportunities for secure and affordable energy transitions.
“Coal- and gas-fired plants can be retrofitted to burn fuels such as ammonia and hydrogen that contribute to security of electricity supply,” the report said.
“In the transition, hydrogen can be blended into natural gas for distribution and natural gas pipelines can be repurposed to carry hydrogen or biomethane.”